By Kristin Francois, PA-C
If you have experienced a kidney stone made from calcium oxalate you may benefit from making some nutrition changes to your diet. A starting goal is often to limit oxalate to 40 mg per day. Specific oxalate content is not listed on individual nutrition labels. The following list may be initially helpful when making diet changes. Please keep in mind this is for guidance, it is not all inclusive.
HIGH OXALATE FOODS TO AVOID (typically 10mg oxalate/serving)
Black tea, hot chocolate, instant coffee, chocolate milk, dark beer, juice from high oxalate fruits, soy beverages.
Soy cheeses, soy milk, soy yogurt, chocolate milk
Peanut butter, almonds, tahini, sesame seeds, mixed nuts, soy nuts, cashews, pecans
whole wheat flour, wheat germ, wheat bran, pretzels, bran cereals, high fiber cereals, pretzels.
Strawberries, rhubarb, blackberries, blueberries, elderberries, figs, fruit cocktail, kiwis, citrus zest, tangerines, tangerines, dried apricots
Baked beans, green beans, kidney beans, black beans, great northern beans, navy beans, beets, carrots, celery, collards, eggplant, dandelion greens, kale, leeks, olives, okra, parsley, green peppers, baked, boiled and fried potatoes, rutabaga, spinach, summer squash, sweet potato, zucchini, swiss chard.
Black pepper (amount greater than 1 teaspoon)
LIMIT THESE MODERATE OXALATE FOODS (typically 2-10mg oxalate/serving)
Grape Juice, cranberry juice, orange juice, carrot juice, brewed coffee, draft beer, V8 juice, rosehip tea.
Flaxseed, sunflower seeds
Bagels, brown rice, corn starch, corn tortillas, fig cookie, oatmeal, ravioli, spaghetti in red sauce, white bread.
Apples, applesauce, apricots, cranberries, mandarin oranges, orange, fresh peaches, fresh pear, pineapples, purple plums, prunes, raspberries.
Artichoke, asparagus broccoli, brussel sprouts, broccoli, corn, canned carrots, fennel, lima beans, mustard greens, onions, parsnips, canned peas, tomato, tomato soup, turnips, vegetable soup, watercress, garbanzo beans, lentils
Potato chips, strawberry jam, thymes, ginger
LOW OXALATE FOODS (typically less than 2mg oxalate/serving)
Apple cider, apple juice, apricot nectar, buttermilk, cherry juice, grapefruit juice, herbal teas, lemonade, limeade, lemon juice, lime juice, milk, pineapple juice, cranberry juice cocktail.
Cheese, buttermilk, milk
Butter, margarine, mayonnaise, salad dressing, vegetable oil, pumpkin seeds
Avocados, bananas, cherries, grapefruit, huckleberries, grapes (green and red), mangoes, melons, nectarines, papaya, canned peaches, canned pears, green and yellow plums, raisins
Bacon, beef, fish (except sardines), ham, lamb, pork, poultry, shellfish
Corn and rice cereals, cheerios, chicken noodle soup, egg noodles, English muffin, graham crackers, macaroni, white rice, wild rice, rice noodles, saltines, oat bran
Cabbage, cauliflower, chives, cucumber, endive, mushrooms, peas, radishes, water chestnuts, olives
Cinnamon, corn syrup, basil, Dijon mustard, dill, honey, imitation vanilla extract, jelly from low oxalate fruits, basil, ketchup, honey, maple syrup, oregano, peppermint, sage, sugar, vinegar, white pepper.
Gelatin, hard candy, Jell-O, lemon juice, lime juice, sherbet, cream cheese